At the end of 1942, at the beginning of 1943, a terrible tragedy happened on the western outskirts of Stalingrad near Gumrak Airfield, which killed the last hopes of survival of the 6th Army of Gen Friedrich Paulus from the Stalingrad pocket. The German survivors of Stalingrad told that events occurring in the pocket near Gumrak Airfield can be definitely called hell on earth.
In the first photo, dated 1942, the Norwegian volunteer SS Hans Christian Romerud holds in his hands the skull of a soldier of the red army, from which, according to eyewitnesses, was going to make a candle holder or ashtray. This place is North Karelia (USSR).In the next photo, already skull of Romerud, discovered on 25 June 2006, 62 years after his death.
December 30 Sredneonskaya operation, or "Small Saturn", was completed.
As a result of the Sredne Don operation, the Soviet troops, having broken through the enemy front with a width of 340 km, defeated 5 Italian, 5 Romanian and 1 German divisions, 3 Italian brigades, defeated 4 infantry and 2 tank German divisions, seized about 60,000 prisoners, 176 tanks, about 370 aircraft, advanced 150-200 km and withdrew to the rear of Army Group Don.
Lomakin Pimen Andreevich, born in 1882, education - primary, a poor Cossack, a native of Krylov's farm (the former Ataman stanitsa of the Salsk region) now Zavetinsky district of the Rostov region. In 1902 he was called up for active military service. After military service, he was engaged in housekeeping and worked for hire.
"On the night of the second to third of August 1942, the motorized infantry and tanks of the Goth army broke into Kotelnikovo, suppressing the resistance of not numerous Red Army soldiers, the invaders began to establish their own order, changed signboards and renamed streets, took away things and food from the people.
"It is very, very difficult to properly assess the state of the enemy aviation grouping (this is especially true for the Luftwaffe.) The fact is that the air forces of the German Air Force were very often used as" fire brigades ". in a matter of days, if not the clock, operational direction to another. Therefore, the data that is relevant yesterday, today could no longer correspond to the current situation.
On December 14, the German troops had to evacuate a part of the bridgehead between Chir and Don in an area east of the Don. The offensive from the bridgehead in any case had to be abandoned, since even the division that Hitler originally agreed to transfer to strengthen the grouping on the bridgehead had to be transferred to the LVII section of the tank corps.
Soviet helmet SSH-40, in which the red army soldiers fought in the Second World War, is the basic helmet of the Russian army. This helmet was tested Semyon Budyonny (Soviet military leader, one of the first marshals of the Soviet Union, three times Hero of the Soviet Union, holder of the George cross at all levels). He was hit in the helmet with his sword, then shot at him from a revolver. The helmet passed the tests. "Well done. Good job!"- said the marshal.
History is cyclical. Need to know history to avoid the mistakes of the past! Do not forget the words of the great orator and political leader Adolf Hitler about Slavic peoples, which he was never able to conquer:
Leaving your personal data you agree its processing. Personal data is any information that refers to you as a personal data owner (full name, date of birth, city of residence, contact phone number, e-mail address, occupation etc.) Your consent applies to the implementation of any actions by Stalingrad Front regarding your personal data, which may be requested for collecting, arranging, storing, detailing (updating, changing), processing (for example, sending letters and making calls) etc. under the existing laws. Consent to process your personal data is for an indefinite term, but may be recalled by you (all it takes is your request to Stalingrad Front). Sending Stalingrad Front your personal data you confirm that you are familiar with rights and duties in accordance with "Personal data protection".