December 30 Sredneonskaya operation, or "Small Saturn", was completed.
As a result of the Sredne Don operation, the Soviet troops, having broken through the enemy front with a width of 340 km, defeated 5 Italian, 5 Romanian and 1 German divisions, 3 Italian brigades, defeated 4 infantry and 2 tank German divisions, seized about 60,000 prisoners, 176 tanks, about 370 aircraft, advanced 150-200 km and withdrew to the rear of Army Group Don.
Lomakin Pimen Andreevich, born in 1882, education - primary, a poor Cossack, a native of Krylov's farm (the former Ataman stanitsa of the Salsk region) now Zavetinsky district of the Rostov region. In 1902 he was called up for active military service. After military service, he was engaged in housekeeping and worked for hire.
"It is very, very difficult to properly assess the state of the enemy aviation grouping (this is especially true for the Luftwaffe.) The fact is that the air forces of the German Air Force were very often used as" fire brigades ". in a matter of days, if not the clock, operational direction to another. Therefore, the data that is relevant yesterday, today could no longer correspond to the current situation.
On December 14, the German troops had to evacuate a part of the bridgehead between Chir and Don in an area east of the Don. The offensive from the bridgehead in any case had to be abandoned, since even the division that Hitler originally agreed to transfer to strengthen the grouping on the bridgehead had to be transferred to the LVII section of the tank corps.
"On the night of the second to third of August 1942, the motorized infantry and tanks of the Goth army broke into Kotelnikovo, suppressing the resistance of not numerous Red Army soldiers, the invaders began to establish their own order, changed signboards and renamed streets, took away things and food from the people.
"To ensure the encircled troops of the 6th Field Army and the connections of the 4th Panzer Army with ammunition, fuel, food, medicines and other necessary supplies, the German command began to arrange the transfer of the necessary cargoes by air by air and transport aircraft and bomber aircraft.
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